Welcome to the Fisheries, Agriculture and Energy Portal of the IOC
Developing the natural resources
The development of fisheries, agricultural and energy resources represents a significant potential for the countries of the region, in terms of income and employment. It can alleviate poverty, enhance food security and reduce dependence on imports, in an international context marked during the recent years by major food and energy crises. But major threats hang over the sustainable exploitation of these resources, due inter alia to illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing, biodiversity loss and climate change.
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Regional plan of surveillance for fisheries
Further to the commitments of the heads of state of the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) adopted at the top of Antananarivo on 22nd July 2005 in favour of a maritime regional cooperation strengthened for the supervision of the activities of fisheries, the European Union brought a technical support to study the outlines of an operational regional plan of control for fisheries in the maritime spaces of the member states of the IOC and to list the resources and the regional needs.
In a situation of ecological, food and energy crises, it is essential to promote agro-ecological production methods, that are at the same time productive, sustainable and resilient to climate change, and which contribute in improving the livelihoods of the poorest, particularly small farmers and family farmers.
Promote responsible practices
The challenges that need to be addressed are of a cross-border nature and require regional responses. None of the countries of the region is now able to ensure the sustainability of its resources individually. It is imperative to undertake joint and concrete actions.
The IOC therefore, strives for the promotion of responsible practices that favours conservation, management and development of marine, land and energy resources, and that ensures their continued availability for the present and future generations.
Developing renewable energy
The development of renewable energy is another big project that needs to be undertaken. It is high on the agenda of the IOC since the surge in oil prices in 2007, but it has not yet been programmed. The European Commission has recently accepted a new identification chart, highlighting the relevance of such a project for the region. And the General Secretariat of the IOC is now working on the development of the Action chart.